Children’s Cough

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Children’s Cough – Cough with prolonged fever, ear pain, vomiting, dyspnea at night… may be signs of pneumonia, bronchitis, asthma… The long-term disease will cause laryngeal injury, change the tone, increase the risk of middle ear infections, electrolyte disorders, depression.

Weather changes suddenly and creates conditions for viruses, bacteria to grow. Young children’s resistance is not perfect so susceptible to respiratory diseases with common symptoms such as cough, sneezing, runny nose…

Cough is a normal manifestation of the body to remove sputum, nasal, germs, viruses, mucus… out of the bronchi. However, coughing with other symptoms may be a sign of laryngitis, bronchitis, pneumonia.

Cough with tachypnea, dyspnea, cyanosis

Cough with tachypnea, dyspnea, cyanosis may be a manifestation of the child with foreign objects in the airway. If the cough is accompanied by sputum with signs of dyspnea, the baby may have bronchitis, asthma, bronchitis spasm, pneumonia… In both cases, mothers should take babies to medical facilities for examination and treatment in time. If the condition is prolonged, it can lead to a respiratory failure affecting health.

Cough with prolonged fever, vomiting

If the cough is prolonged with signs such as vomiting, fever, diarrhea, the baby is more likely to have pneumonia, bronchitis. Infants, young children with pneumonia, bronchitis… are easily led to respiratory failure. Long-term hypoxia affects the brain, the circulatory system, and even the risk of death if not treated promptly.

Long lasting persistent cough with dyspnea at night

If parents notice that babies’ cough persists, accompanied by wheezing, lasts more than 10 days, and becomes severe at night or with allergic reactions to pollen, cold weather, feathers or animal odors, dust, and smoke, they are more likely to have asthma. In addition, the baby may have other symptoms such as rapid breathing, shortness of breath, and dry breathing with wheezing. Parents need to take the baby to get medical treatment.

Constantly and quickly cough with a hiss

Children with signs of cough, shortness of breath, making sounds when breaths strongly, that may be a sign of pertussis. Pertussis can cause a baby to lose strength very quickly, when he or she is too tired can lead to seizures and apnea. Children with prolonged cough, accompanied by vomiting, go out… may be the symptoms of pneumonia, bronchitis in young children.

Cough, ear pain

If the baby coughs, accompanied by signs such as fever, runny nose, earache, ear discharge… may be a sign of middle ear infection. Signs when the child with a middle ear infection is cough, runny nose, high fever 39-40 degrees C, much crying, no breastfeeding, poor eating, vomiting, seizures… Acute middle ear infection in young children if not treated In time, can cause bone loss, interruption of the bone, affecting the hearing ability of the child. You should regularly clean your baby’s body, nose, and throat to prevent respiratory illness. When children have signs of cough, parents should not buy antibiotics for children without knowing the cause. Antibiotics only work with bacteria, while most respiratory viruses are caused by viruses. Mothers can use herbal syrup which is safe for the baby’s health. If your child shows signs of long-term cough with these symptoms, he or she will need to be taken to the doctor for a thorough examination and treatment, avoiding complications

Top 4 antibiotics misusing effects in children’s cough treatment

When patients become infected, the disease will be cured if the antibiotics are given at the correct dose. However, in addition, to kill the bacteria in the body, antibiotics also kill the beneficial bacteria, especially in the upper respiratory tract and intestines. If these beneficial bacteria die, the immune system in the body will be depleted.

The immune system is an important organ in protecting the body from the attack of pathogenic microorganisms. If being healthy, this organ helps metabolize the toxins in the body and push them out in different ways. Experts recommend that, in order for antibiotics not to affect the immune system of the body while promoting the role of them, parents should follow the principle when use antibiotics for children. Specifically, parents only use antibiotics when identifying children with illness caused by bacteria. Parents should use antibiotics in the right dose, do not automatically buy drugs without the doctor’s instructions. In addition, children should be strengthened immune system with proper nutrition, daily exercise, full vaccination under the expanded vaccination program each year. In 1928, the first antibiotic penicillin was discovered by Scottish biologist Alexander Fleming. The drug has saved many people from death caused by bacteria. However, as science develops, more antibiotics are born, resistanceto antibiotics is raising concerning around the world.

Damage to the liver and kidneys

We should only use antibiotics when patients actually have infections. Parents need to select antibiotics suitable for infection, pathogenic bacteria and body characteristics of patients. Many parents voluntarily use antibiotics to treat their children when they have coughing manifestations but do not know antibiotics only work with bacteria. In fact, most children with coughing are infected by the virus. Doctors advise that taking antibiotics improperly in a long time will cause many dangerous diseases with liver, kidneys, digestive tract… Depending on the body characteristics, children may be allergic, have diarrhea, anaphylactic shock…

When prescribing for adults, for people with liver problems, the doctor adjusts the dose, controls the liver function closely before let them take the drug. Therefore, when using medicines for children, parents should follow the instructions of the doctor to give your children the correct dose and time.

Children's Cough
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Read – Rickets in Children

Digestive problems

The function of antibiotics is to kill bacteria. Misusing of antibiotics or high doses of antibiotics in a long time can kill both beneficial bacteria. Children’s immune system is closely related to intestinal wall and intestinal microflora. Immune regulation disorders may occur when the microbial system is unbalanced due to antibiotic misusing. As a consequence, children are at increased risk for asthma, rhinitis, eczema or autoimmune diseases such as Crohn’s colitis, celiac diarrhea. For children, the intestinal microflora is not perfect, so it is easy to have intestinal dysentery causing diarrhea, constipation, nausea, rash.

Producing resistant bacteria

Experts say antibiotics are capable of destroying bacteria that do not contain resistant genes, leaving bacteria that contain resistant genes. This process produces the virus that is resistant to many drugs. There is recorded children having dug resisting E. coli, in which many of them died, the other children were in critical condition. This has made many people worry because diarrhea by E. coli is a common disease.


In addition, the frequent misusing of antibiotics in treating coughs also makes children more susceptible to respiratory infections… The reason is that the immature immune system of infants does not have the opportunity to grow when they use too much antibiotics. Doctors advised parents to use some herbal cough suppressants, anti-inflammatory, anti-bronchospasm, and mucus to treat helping your babies be more comfortable. If treated properly, children’s disease can be cured while strengthening their immune system, helping children do not get the next infection.

Cough and respiratory protection measures for children

Parents let children expose to tobacco smoke, do not clean nasal throat, habitat, abusive air conditioning, abstinence from bath… All are causes of cough in young children. To protect your baby’s respiratory tract, we should clean their upper respiratory tract, keep their airways warm, let them vaccinated, breastfeed for the first 6 months.

Under normal physiological conditions, cough is a reflective defect of the body. Thanks to this coughing reflexes, strong exhalation can clean the airways, expel sperm, secretions or foreign objects into the airways, help the respiratory veins to function well. There are many different types of coughing. Dry cough is usually caused by the larynx and inflammation of the trachea when the temperature changes during the night, so children often wheeze. Children under 3 years are more likely to develop this disease and it often occurs at night. Coughing with wheezing is caused by the lower airway of the baby’s mucus which is secreted, usually due to a bacterial infection or a virus or something tangled in the child’s windpipe. Cough is one of the common symptoms in children. In most cases, coughing is caused by a respiratory infection. Coughing which occurs suddenly may be caused when the child has swallowed food or mistaken drinking water into the child’s windpipe instead of the esophagus.

Cough accompanied with fever, this case if the child cough with runny nose and mild fever is usually due to cold, but if the child cough and accompanied by fever 39 – 40 or above, it is usually pneumonia, acute pharyngitis or bronchopneumonia. 

This condition can affect baby’s health. When children cough, parents need to find the cause of the disease to treat. In many cases, parental care in the wrong way will make the condition worse. To protect your baby’s respiratory tract, we should clean their upper respiratory tract, keep their airways warm, let them vaccinated, breastfeed for the first 6 months.


Inflammation of the respiratory tract is a common disease of young children. This is not a single disease that includes a combination of colds, sore throats, sinusitis, laryngitis, pneumonia, bronchitis… In fact, many parents when seeing signs of disease on their baby’s body, use antibiotics. However, doctors say that this is not a good way to protect the respiratory tract. Here are some measures parents should adopt.

Upper respiratory hygiene

Hygiene of the upper respiratory tract is essential because weak immune systems are not healthy enough to fight pathogens such as viruses and bacteria from the environment. Respiratory cleaning should be done carefully and properly to avoid damaging the nasal mucosa. Experts recommend isotonic saline with a single dose and tubular form with a small, neat and smooth tip. This will be helpful because it will not scratch the nasal mucosa and avoid cross infection.

Keep warm airway

When the child’s airway is cold, the onset of immunity is weakened. Therefore, keeping children warm is essential when the weather is hot and cold. Parents can keep the baby’s airway warm by not letting the air conditioning lower than the outside environment.


Immunization is a way to set the immune system active for children, helping the body to work against dangerous diseases. There are more than 20 types of vaccines, measles, mumps, chicken pox, hepatitis B, Japanese encephalitis, pneumonia, diarrhea, seasonal flu… that mothers should give children full vaccination.

Breastfeeding for the first 6 months

Breast milk provides a lot of antibodies for the immune system in children. Antibody levels in breast milk are highest in the first six months, so breastfeeding during this time is essential to improving the child’s immunity.

The World Health Organization recommends mothers worldwide breastfeed for the first six months to help infants achieve optimum health, growth and development. Then, children should be fed nutritious foods and continue breastfeeding until they are 2 years or longer.


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