Blood in the urine, better known as “hematuria,” is a fairly common diagnosis in people; if it is not treated in time, it can be complicated. Urine is our body’s way of eliminating specific waste from the body, whether toxins or fat. This process begins with the kidneys, which are the organs responsible for removing excess fluid and waste that the blood brings and then converts them into the urine. After that, urine passes through the urethra until it reaches the bladder, where it is stored until it becomes urine and is removed from the body naturally.
What is Blood in the Urine or Hematuria?
Hematuria, or blood in the urine, can be visible to the naked eye or visual-only with the microscopic. There are two types of Hematuria:
This type of Hematuria, called “microscopic hematuria,” is when the blood cannot be seen with the naked eye and must be visualized with a microscope. This disappears without even having complications or need for suffering; that is, many times with microscopic Hematuria, the patient will often not find out that he suffers from this condition unless a urine test or a urine culture is performed.
When the amount of blood flowing in the urine increases as much in quantity as in density, the red blood cells increase to a considerable amount to give a red hue to the urine and influence it. Patients with macroscopic Hematuria go to the doctor with this as the main complaint. Patients with microscopic Hematuria find Hematuria incidentally in a general examination. In the same way as microscopic Hematuria, it is eliminated without complications, but it can mean health problems if it is not treated or increased.
Causes of Blood in the Urine:
The causes of microscopic and macroscopic Hematuria are similar can result from bleeding from any part of the urinary tract. It cannot be distinguished with the naked eye between the blood originating in the kidneys, ureters, bladder, or urethra.
“Any type of blood in the urine should be investigated by your doctor, even if it resolves spontaneously.”
List of Possible Causes:
- Any trauma to the urinary tract Blood problems (hematologic)
- Hereditary diseases.
- Kidney diseases
- Kidney stones or stones.
- Excess minerals such as calcium in the blood.
- Various infections, whether renal or bladder.
- Take aspirin, clopidogrel or warfarin
These are the most common reasons why a typical person could have Hematuria; clearly, there are more, for example, in adolescents and women, menstruation, which is neither an infection nor a hereditary problem, however, there is blood in the urine, and this it is already considered Hematuria. On the other hand, sometimes performing high-performance or high-demand physical activity can cause Hematuria, especially athletes who are runners, using medications sold without a prescription to several pain relievers. It is unlikely but not impossible for Hematuria to bring complications in case of not being treated since it has to be very intense the blood in the urine to be able to detect it without thinking that it is a problem, it is necessary to perform urine and general tests to check that everything is always in place and functioning correctly, on the other hand, if not, it can become a hematological problem, that is, the blood may even be a clot lodged somewhere. In any case, Hematuria may be just one more symptom of something that can lead to seeing a doctor in the same way. When you should see a doctor, you should see your doctor immediately if you have blood in your urine. If you can’t get an appointment with your doctor, go to the emergency room. If you have fiber, Hematuria, and pain in the renal region, you should immediately go to the emergency department.
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How is Blood in the Urine Diagnosed?
It is vital that if you see blood in your urine at any time, go to the doctor immediately to avoid complications later, since it may be something not so important. Still, it is always better to be sure, and if you need treatment, you can do it on time and not wait for it to aggravate. When you go to the doctor, either because you were diagnosed with Hematuria or simply because you saw it in your urine, the doctor will ask you a couple of questions and then do a physical exam to explore a little and rule out some inflammation or something like that. When you are asking the questions, it will be nothing out of the ordinary or very embarrassing. Still, it will be routine questions, for example, if you have been doing physical activities, what type of activities you have been doing, for how long, and how, but most importantly, the medical history of your paternal and maternal family, then urine test to finish. The urine test is quick and straightforward, they will give you a bottle and ask you to urinate there, and then you will deliver it, and you are ready. Suppose this test was to show a negative result. In that case, that is to say, that you no longer suffer from Hematuria (blood in the urine), it is likely that you should perform one or two more tests with approximately two weeks of difference between each one, to ensure that the blood cells Reds no longer exist in your urine. If you only have Hematuria once, you probably don’t need any treatment and wait. But, if the diagnosis were the opposite and the results were positive, then it will be relative. If you do not have any malignant symptoms, that is to say, fever or pain until inflammations. You do not show signs of protein in the urine test; the doctor will decide to repeat the test several times over time (it can be up to months), track the blood and see if it still appears on the exams. If the exams present a strange diagnosis and are inclined towards something more severe or you have been injured, then you should have more urine tests, this time a “urine culture” or urine culture until an MRI or a CT scan.
If necessary, your doctor may ask for a sample of the tissues of the kidneys, performing a biopsy to send for analysis, or you could also choose to inspect the inside of the body, that is, the organs with clinical instruments to rule out any disease. Your doctor’s tests can ask you to find the rate are tomography, cystoscopy, and urinary cytology.
The Treatment of Blood in the Urine Depends on the Cause:
The management of a patient with blood in the urine depends on the cause. First, your doctor must find the problem that causes blood in the urine to start treatment. There are several cases in which medicine is required to combat Hematuria; however, they are less likely to be necessary since, most of the time, it is less complicated and dangerous than is believed. But it would be best if you never trusted yourself. When Hematuria or blood in the urine comes from a urinary infection or has bacteria in the blood or urine, doctors will want to treat you with antibiotics so that disease is eliminated and bacteria. If Hematuria may be a sign of something that seems more serious such as anemia, then doctors will want to treat it the same way with greater caution. In receiving treatment (if necessary), doctors likely want to follow up or a series of reviews to conclude it, but do not panic. It is only to be sure that the urine has returned to normal and has left red blood cells behind. Suppose the blood in the urine is constant or occurs repeatedly, and you do not have symptoms associated with any disease or pathology such as those mentioned above. In that case, it will be necessary to constantly perform several urine tests without neglecting Physical examinations and exams every month proposed by the doctor according to the severity of the Hematuria, for at least one year and then only once every year precautionary point and thus avoid long-term complications. If you continue with Hematuria or have other symptoms, then go to the doctor again. It is better to be safe than sorry; as the saying goes, in this case, then your GP will decide to perform urine tests again to find the answer to bleeding. You must know that although bleeding in the urine (Hematuria) is quite common in people, you should not trust or stop going to the doctor, since although it is “normal” on certain occasions, you never know when you can present any other complication. Your body is manifesting in this way as an alert mode. In any case, doctors will always know what to do and find the answer; it is true, it can be a bit tedious sometimes and even annoying to have to go to the doctor every so often, but it is the only way you can be sure that you are entirely healthy. You have nothing that you could regret later; that is why in the end, there is medicine to find the answers that our body sometimes asks for, and we do not know how to listen to it.
Suppose you are so and in need of medical assistance. In that case, you can always go to a general doctor who can answer your questions and refer the matter to a specialist if necessary, without neglecting that he will also ask for exams. On the other hand, you can also go to a gynecologist if you are a woman since you may be presenting your first menstruation many times. It is time for you to start a routine check, or you can go to the nephrologist (a doctor who sees the diseases of high-potency kidneys and urinary infections such as pyelonephritis), and he can also help you.