Sea Buckthorn Oil

Sea Buckthorn Oil

Sea buckthorn oil is a powerful, nutrient-rich oil used to relieve and even treat many internal health conditions. It is also used for acne and other skin disorders. Sea buckthorn oil is one of the very few oils with a more nutritional value besides essential fatty acids. This oil contains Vitamin A, C, E and some B vitamins, which is great from a nutritional value. This oil is safe to use on the Skin and when taken by mouth in small doses. Using it as a natural health supplement can improve general health and well being.


Sea buckthorn oil is obtained from Hippophae rhamnoides, which is commonly known as the sea buckthorn. It is a flowering shrub that produces orange coloured berries. The berries’ bright orange colour is a sign of high carotenoid content in them, just like carrots. There are many types of this oil, depending on what part of the plant extracts the oil.

  • Sea buckthorn seed oil: This is explicitly extracted from the seeds inside the berries.
  • Sea buckthorn pulp oil: This is taken from the berry pulp, discarding the seeds.
  • Berry with Seeds oil: This is the most common form of sea buckthorn oil made from whole berries, including the seeds.

All these oils have moderate differences in terms of their nutrition value, colour and aroma. They, however, have quite similar properties because they all come from the same plant.

Colour and Aroma

Sea buckthorn oil is dark amber, almost reddish. This is due to the intensely pigmented carotenoids in the sea buckthorn berries. Beta–carotene is orange in colour, and lycopene is red. Both of these carotenoids are found in sea buckthorn oil, which results in a yellowish-red colour.

Sea buckthorn oil may not have the best smell in the world, but it is unique. The oil smells like “moist wood”, which is quite woody. It is to the liking of some, while many others may not like it. The aroma of sea buckthorn oil dissipates slowly when used in a vaporizer or oil burner.


Sea buckthorn oil possesses a host of therapeutic properties, which make it such a versatile oil. It can be used for relieving the symptoms of many severe health conditions.

  • Antioxidant – This oil contains about 60 major and minor antioxidants.
  • Anti-inflammatory – The oil reduces inflammation both when used topically and when used internally.
  • Demulcent – coats the mucus membrane lining our intestinal wall. Thus relieves ulcers and throat irritation.
  • Anti-ageing – regular application of any sea buckthorn oil reduces signs of ageing, like wrinkles.
  • Circulation booster – It has been identified to boost micro-circulation.
  • Skin cell regeneration – It improves the regeneration rate of epidermal cells. The epidermis is the outermost layer of Skin.
  • Sunscreen – it naturally protects from harmful UV radiation from the sun.
  • Anti cognitive decline – It can slow down the rate at which cognitive powers of the brain decline.
  • Anti-cholesterol – helps in reducing cholesterol levels naturally.
  • Anti-radiation – this oil is used in some places to protect against radiation-induced damage.
  • Antifungal – acts against certain fungi species.
  • Anti-bacterial – acts against some bacterial strains.
  • Anti-cancer – This is not evaluated in-depth, but we know that sea buckthorn oil can improve health status in cancer cases.
  • Anti-asthmatic – relieves Asthma and bronchial spasms.
  • Emollient – moisturizes the Skin.
  • Stomachic – tones stomach muscles and improves digestion.
  • Vulnerary – heals wounds.
  • Rubefacient – along with its anti-inflammatory power, it also reduces redness on the skin.
  • Expectorant – aids the body in expelling phlegm.

These properties make sea buckthorn quite useful in medicinal applications and formulas.

Uses And Health Benefits

Sea buckthorn oil is excellent for rejuvenating and regenerating the skin when applied topically. It is also healthy when consumed internally as a supplement because of its nutrition.

Sea buckthorn oil for Skin

Sea buckthorn oil is an ingredient in some anti-ageing products. It can be applied directly to the skin in undiluted form. However, one should always do a patch test on non-sensitive Skin to ensure that the oil does not lead to skin irritation or chemical burns. Applying sea buckthorn oil on Skin provides the following health benefits.

  • Wrinkles, Fine Lines and Age Spots – It reduces the three major signs of ageing Skin. The fatty acids and carotenoids in sea buckthorn oil penetrate the skin and provide it with nutrition. This external supply of nutrients keeps the Skin supported and nourished.
  • Prevent A Sunburn – One can make a strong natural sunscreen by mixing zinc oxide, sea buckthorn oil and cream base. Zinc oxide is a potent sunblock, and sea buckthorn oil enhances its power. Effectively, you get more SPF out of your natural sunscreen. This protects you from getting a sunburn while you are sunbathing.
  • Heals dry Skin – regular application of sea buckthorn oil heals dry, parched skin and moisturizes it.
  • Relieves eczema – Apply sea buckthorn oil diluted in aloe vera gel on eczema lesions. It provides relief from the itching and scratching sensation and also promotes the lesions to heal. Its vulnerable property promotes wounds and lesions to scab and heals, bringing new and healthy Skin faster.
  • Rosacea – It combats rosacea, which is excessive redness on Skin because of its Rubefacient property. The results can be seen within a week.
  • Acne – Sea buckthorn may help reduce the redness of acne pimples and diminishing their size over time. One can apply it directly on the pimples or cysts ( if you have cystic acne ) using a cotton swab.

If sea buckthorn oil is too strong for your Skin to bear, dilute in some common carrier oil, like olive oil or coconut oil and then try to use it. One can also try changing the brand of the product and see if that works.

Sea buckthorn oil for Ulcers

Sea buckthorn oil is a potent natural remedy for mouth ulcers and peptic ulcers [1]. One can take it internally, but the dosage should be followed strictly because it is a strong oil and may irritate the mucus membrane if taken in high concentrations.

Add 1/4 teaspoon of sea buckthorn oil ( cold-pressed and organic ) in 1/2 glass of any juice. The beneficial nutrients of the liquid are also well absorbed. The fats in sea buckthorn oil boost the bioavailability of fat-soluble vitamins in the juice that you are taking. Take this no more than two times a day.

While on this treatment, avoid spicy food. The ulcer should go away in a few days. One can notice this because the sharp pain right after eating food disappears.

This home remedy also works for heartburn, acid reflux and normalizes the stomach’s acid secretions. In general, sea buckthorn oil can improve the functioning of the stomach, which improves the whole digestion. This boosts appetite, as the body is ready to digest more food.

Sea buckthorn oil for Asthma

Taking sea buckthorn oil as described above ( 1/4 teaspoon in juice ) can help in relieving the symptoms of Asthma. This oil may have bronchodilating effects. Moreover, the nutrition provided by it is excellent for the body. If you like the smell, then diffuse it in the air using a diffuser. This might also be helpful in Asthma.

Sea buckthorn oil for expelling cough

To detach phlegm from the throat:

  1. Perform a warm gargle with sea buckthorn oil.
  2. Add 20 drops of oil to a glass of warm water.
  3. Gargle with this water.

This home remedy expels phlegm from the throat and provides relief from nasal congestion.

Use it for minor wounds.

After you have applied an antiseptic, use sea buckthorn oil in a base of honey. This thick mixture speeds up wound healing in cuts, scrapes, scratches and prevents scarring. Honey is also an excellent natural wound dressing.

Other health benefits of sea buckthorn oil.

  • Taking a small amount of this oil can help a person lower his or her cholesterol levels. The oil has a high amount of phytosterols which have the cholesterol-lowering ability.
  • The oil may provide cancer-preventive health benefits. With more research work, we would know more about the interaction of sea buckthorn seed and pulp oil against cancer and reduce the effects of poor health that accompanies cancer.
  • This oil also tones the blood vessels and improves overall cardiovascular health. This effect may be mild, so it can take a lot of time to take effect. It is a natural cardiotonic.
  • Sea buckthorn oil may also reduce the onset of Alzheimer’s and other forms of dementia. Its nutrition helps the body delay neural degeneration, which is the basic process that causes these conditions.

Side Effects, Safe Dosage and Toxicity Issues

Sea buckthorn oils are generally considered safe. However, one should always go for cold-pressed and pure oils and avoid those extracted using solvents. The use of solvents produces many harmful chemicals in the oil, even though they may be in ppm or ppb ( parts per million, parts per billion ) ranges. Even in these low amounts, harmful chemicals can take a toll on health in the long run.

Safe Dosage

When taking internally, always take 1/4 teaspoon in some medium. This can be lemon juice, coconut oil, olive oil etc. Do not exceed this amount.

Nutritional and Medicinal Information

Sea buckthorn oil is noted for its powerful nutrition. Although most oils are devoid of many vitamins and minerals, this oil, on the other hand, is a good source of some of them, while many others are found in smaller amounts. Sea buckthorn oil contains Vitamin A, Vitamin E ( both tocopherol and tocotrienol forms ), Vitamin C, Vitamin K, Lycopene and numerous other flavonoids and phytonutrients. The fatty acids composition in pulp oil is slightly different from seed oil.

Differences between sea buckthorn seed oil and pulp oil

There are differences between oil taken from seeds versus that taken from the pulp in terms of nutrition.

  • The seed oil has a much higher Vitamin E content than pulp oil because seeds have more Vitamin E.
  • The seed oil also has higher Vitamin K content.
  • Pulp oil has more than double the number of carotenoids than seed oil. This is mainly because the pulp is deeply coloured. The pulp oil is more orange in colour. [2]
  • The seed oil has more phytosterols.
  • In terms of fatty acids, seed oil has a higher proportion of unsaturated fatty acids. Both seed oil and pulp oil are low in saturated fats, which is heart-healthy.
  • Pure seed oil is rich in omega – 3 ( alpha-linolenic acid ), found in pulp oil traces. [3]

Fatty Acid profile of Sea Buckthorn Oil

Palmitoleic Acid29.7 %MUFA
Stearic Acid1.1%Saturated fat
Palmitic Acid31.3 %Saturated fat
Oleic Acid28.4 %MUFA
Linoleic Acid6.8 %PUFA
Alpha Linolenic AcidtracesPUFA
Docosenoic AcidtracesPUFA
Eicosenoic AcidtracesPUFA

The vital thing to note about this oil is its high in Palmitoleic acid, an omega – 7. This is quite high in comparison with other oils. Other oils high in omega – 7 fatty acids are black currant oil, mink oil and macadamia nut oil. Palmitoleic acid is similar to human sebum [4]and therefore helps keep the Skin balanced when it becomes too oily or too dry. This is also helpful for acne.

The oil is also high in palmitic acid, saturated fatty acid and oleic acid ( which is omega – 9 ).

Complete Nutritional Profile of Sea Buckthorn Oil

Energy (Calories)  –
Carbohydrates – –
Proteins – –
Fats – –
Dietary fiber – –
Cholesterol – –
Sugars – –
Vitamins Value Percentage
Vitamin A ( as beta carotene ) 254 I.U. 2.35 %
Thiamine (B1) traces –
Riboflavin (B2) traces –
Niacin (B3) – –
Pantothenic Acid (B5) – –
Pyridoxine (B6) traces –
Biotin (B7) – –
Folic Acid (B9) – –
Vitamin B12 – –
Vitamin C traces –
Vitamin D – –
Vitamin E 123 mg 1230 %
Vitamin K 75 μg 93.75 %
Potassium traces –
Sodium traces –


Iron traces –
Calcium traces –
Magnesium traces –
Phosphorus traces –
Zinc –
Manganese – –
Copper – –
Selenium – –
Micro-Nutrients Value Percentage
Phytosterols 879.4 mg 
Anthocyanins traces –

Sea buckthorn oil extracted by the cold-pressed method has a high concentration of phytosterols. [5] These are compounds that resemble cholesterol in structure, but they have powerful health benefits. The most prominent health benefit of many sterols is that of cholesterol and triglycerides reduction. As a result, this oil can reduce cholesterol levels in the blood.

Other important chemical properties of Sea buckthorn oil

Chemical propertyPercentageProperty
Density 0.915  g/mlgood for massage oil
Storage temperature –No specific requirements
Comedogenicity –Rated from 0 to 5
ORAC – Antioxidant power
cid Value 4 % Measure of acidity
pH 3.43 Mildly acidic
Peroxide Value below 2.6 Measure of rancidity
Iodine Value 86 Measure of unsaturation of fat
Saponification Value 191.2 Average mol. wt of fatty acids

Sea buckthorn oil is a powerful natural oil that is great nutrition, especially among oils. It is great to keep the skin healthy and also for optimum overall health.


1. Sea buckthorn oils: Towards healthy mucous membranes. RISTO ERKKOLA , BAORU YANG

2. Sea Buckthorn (Hippophae Rhamnoides L.): Production and Utilization. By Thomas S. C. Li

3. Elemental and nutritional analysis of sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides ssp. turkestanica) Berries of Pakistani origin. Sabir SM, Maqsood H, Hayat I, Khan MQ, Khaliq A. NCBI.

4. Palmitoleic acid isomer (C16:1delta6) in human skin sebum effectively against gram-positive bacteria. Wille JJ, Kydonieus A. NCBI.

5. Phytosterol content of sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.) seed oil: Extraction and identification. Thomas S.C. Li, Thomas H.J. Beveridge, John C.G. Drover. NCBI.

6. Nutritional data obtained from Sea Buckthorn Oil – Mountain Rose Herbs.


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